Anti Competitive Agreements Prohibited by Cci

Anti-Competitive Agreements Prohibited by CCI: Protecting Fair Competition in Business

In today`s global economy, competition is essential for businesses to thrive and innovate. It promotes growth and efficiency, resulting in better products and services for consumers at reasonable prices. However, sometimes businesses engage in anti-competitive practices, which harm consumers and other competitors. To prevent such activities, India`s Competition Commission of India (CCI) prohibits anti-competitive agreements between businesses.

What are Anti-Competitive Agreements?

Anti-competitive agreements are any agreements or contracts between businesses that hinder or restrict competition. They aim to control or manipulate the market in a way that benefits the parties involved but harms consumers and other competitors. Such agreements can take various forms, such as price-fixing, market-sharing, bid-rigging, and collusion.

Price-fixing is when businesses agree to fix the prices of goods or services at a certain level. Market-sharing occurs when businesses divide the market among themselves, agreeing not to compete for specific customers or regions. Bid-rigging is when businesses agree to submit inflated bids, with the intention of ensuring that one of them gets the contract. Collusion is when businesses coordinate their activities to gain an advantage over competitors.

Why are Anti-Competitive Agreements Prohibited?

Anti-competitive agreements are prohibited because they harm consumers and other competitors in the market. Such agreements result in higher prices, reduced choice, inferior quality, and lack of innovation, all of which ultimately harms consumers. They also damage the competitive process, resulting in a less dynamic market. Consequently, businesses that engage in such activities are subject to penalties and legal action, as prescribed by the CCI.

How does the CCI Prohibit Anti-Competitive Agreements?

To prevent anti-competitive agreements, the CCI has the power to investigate and penalize businesses that engage in such activities. The CCI can impose fines, direct businesses to cease and desist from such practices, and even order the dissolution of anti-competitive agreements. The CCI can also initiate legal proceedings in the competition appellate tribunal or high courts.


In conclusion, anti-competitive agreements are detrimental to fair competition in business, leading to higher prices and reduced choice for consumers. To prevent such practices, the CCI prohibits anti-competitive agreements and imposes penalties on businesses that engage in them. As a result, businesses must conduct their operations in a manner that complies with competition laws and promotes fair competition in the market.

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